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Embedded MCU's Getting Started and Peripheral Coding STM32 MCU's

How to Use Trace Features in STM32 with STLINKv2 in CubeIDE

Table of Contents

Overview

Okay so hello guys and hope u are doing great; in the last 2 Blogs we get to know about Debug Trace Features in Embedded Systems and about ARM CoreSight Architecture for Debug and Trace in ARM based SoC/MCU.

Now, in this Blog we will implement the theoretical knowledge of previous blogs to action and do them practically! We will do so by exploring the Trace Features in STM32MCU practically (STM32F103 Blue pill) using STLINKv2-B ( Official one white one) in STM32CubeIDE. 

This Topic has been divided into 2 Blogs.

In this Blog Hardware connections between STLINKv2-STM32MCU  and Code Generation is explained. The Video For that is also Uploaded on Gettobyte YouTube channel here.

In next Blog How to use Trace Features using SWV is explained. The Video for that too is Uploaded on Gettobyte YouTube Channel here.

Intro on STLINKv2 Programmers and Debuggers

Now STLINKv2 which you can see in the above image is different from USB based STLINKv2 Programmer and debugger( Chinese clone one). It is different in terms of more features and JTAG support for Debugging the Firmware’s. 

Original STLINKv2 can be used for Programming and Debugging Both STM8 and STM32 MCU. For STM8 it uses SWIM Protocol and for STM32 it has SWD, JTAG Communication Protocol and SWO pin for trace features.

In USB based STLINKv2 Programmer Chinese cloned one also both STM8 and STM32 MCU can be programmed and debugged. For STM8 it also uses SWI Protocol but for STM32 MCU it has only SWD Protocol and pins available.

For using the trace features, In USB based Chinese cloned one STLINKv2 (which is relatively cheaper than above STLINKv2) we must solder the 5V pin of Programmer by one of the pins of the onboard pin of the MCU used in Programmer. And it is a kind of long and Cumbersome Process. 

But in Official STLINKv2 which is shown in above pic, we do not have to solder any of the pins for using Trace Features, The Programmer has Pinout and dedicated pins for using Trace feature using (SWD + SWO pins) and it has JTAG Dedicated pins too for Doing Debugging .

Now as given u some comparisons between Official and Unofficial STLINKv2 Programmer and Debugger let us dive into some Practical Part. In the rest of the doc,  STLINKv2 programmer and Debugger will signify the Official white in one derivative which is shown in above pic.

Hardware Connections for STLINKv2 and MCU

The STLINKv2 Programmer comes in with following things as u open its Box.

  • Main STLINKv2 Programmer and Debugger
  •  
  • 20 Pin JTAG connector
  • USB 2.0 A to USB 2.0 Mini B
  • 2 x Connecting Cable for STM8 SWIM

Now coming to the pain Connections for connecting STM32 MCU with STLINKv2.
Programmer has the following pins for connecting it to STM32 MCU(Blue Circle).

These Pins have Pinout like these:

STLINKV2 Pinout

Right side from the Embarked Area (Orange Color), is pin 1 of the Programmer and then the pinout goes as shown in above pic.

Now the Essential Pins out of these 20 pins of the STLINKv2 programmer to Program and Debug STM32 MCU using ARM Proprietary SWD Protocol are only 5 pins.

  • SWIO/TMS(Pin 7) à SWD PIN
  • SWCLK/TCK(Pin 9) à SWD PIN
  • TDO/SWO(Pin 13) à SWO PIN
  • STM32 RESET(Pin 15) à RESET PIN
  • VCC(Pin1&2) à POWER PIN
  • GND(Below Horizontal line’s any pin can be used as GND except 2) à POWER PIN
STLINKV2 Connection for STM32

SWD Pins of STM32 MCU will be connected to SWD PIN if we want to only use Debugging features alongside Programming the Microcontroller. Like as shown in PIC. 

Now for Using the Trace Features we must connect one additional Pin from the Programmer to OUR Microcontroller and that is SWO Pin (13th pin) of Programmer to the Respective Trace SWO Pin Of our STM32 Microcontroller.

In STM32F103 SWO PIN is PB3 as shown in this schematic.

So, for Using Trace Features Connections will be like this.

SWO Connection for STM32

To be noted down:

  • Any pin from the below horizontal line except the VCC pin of that line can be taken as GND pin when using SWD/SWD+SWO pins and can be connected to GND pin of our STM32 MCU.
  •  Sometimes or in some Programmers we have to short all the VCC pins by Jumper wire for Proper connections or encase device isn’t able to power up MCU or Program it.
  •  In some cases, VCC pins 1&2 can be wrongly mapped in Some Programmer, and they can be at left hand side of the programmer that is at pins 19 and 20. So in case MCU does not Power up by above connections, then do not panic just change the VCC Pins and it might work out. ( This is in my case, so below pitcher is according to that)

Now so after successful Connections between STLINKv2 and STM32 MCU, Connect the USB cable between STLINKv2 and Laptop and LED light on the programmer will lighten up in RED color.

         Figure 5 (These are the Final Connections For SWD+SWO)

Software Part used

Now I will be Showing STM32CubeProgrammer and STM32Cube IDE In this blog in software part.

First with STM32CubeProgarmmer:

As u connect your STLINKv2 Programmer to your computer, IN STM32CubeProgrammer u will see the Serial Number of Programmer if all goes well. As shown in Pic.

Figure 6

Now as u click on Connect Button by selecting STLINK, u will see all the details of Your respective MCU details and showing its memory Content. (In doing so Your programmer will start blinking in red, green color and Screen of STM32CubeProgrammer might take 1-2 secs of time for showing Memory contents and MCU details.)

Figure 7

This is just Demonstration of Successful connections of STLINKv2 and MCU for SWO+SWO pins and established Communication between Programmer and Laptop via STM32Cube Programmer.

As if now, we have not used the trace features, for using that we must create a project and Upload in MCU by things mentioned in below section.

For STM32CubeIDE also follow the below section

If any Error comes in while connecting the STLINKV2 , FOLLOW  this video for solving all kinds of Errors and to get Solutions for them.

Code for using Trace Features in STM32 MCU

Create a New Project in STM32CubeIDE by choosing your corresponding Workspace (Figure 1), select Your MCU in Board Configuration Window (Figure2) by selecting the MCU you are using.

Figure 8

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Figure 9

Now name Your Project in next window and choose the targeted language according to your choice and Select Executable in Targeted Binary Type.

In Target Project type their will be 2 Options,

STM32Cube and Empty.

(In this Blog I will be telling things according to STM32cube project type. By selecting STM32Cube, Auto generated code STM 32 HAL initializes all the Processor registers for using Debug and Trace features according to the configurations made in STM32CubeMX window.)

Now in Cube MX configuration window we must Select RCC Mode for HSE as Crystal/Ceramic Resonator and Debug Mode as Serial Wire,

Under Pinout and Configuration window select the System Core and in it Select the RCC and SYS. Select the corresponding Options as shown in pics below.


Figure 10

And then in the clock Configuration window Select the Clock Frequency according to your choice. I am selecting 32Mhz in my case for STM32F103 using HSE (which has input frequency of 8 MHz and selecting PLL as clock Source for System clock).

I am configuring the Onboard LED on STM32F103 Blue Pill as GPIO OUTPUT just for demonstration purpose. That is pin PC13.

Figure 11

And then save the file and Autogenerated code Process using STM32HAL will be started.

Figure 12

Now open the main.c file of Your project from the Project explorer window.

Figure 13

That is all for this Blog, second part of the Topic is in next Blog.

Follow the next Part for NEXT Part of the blog.

Playlist for Debugging techniques in Firmware development: https://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLb_Q-Ps0nJou2Ped93q02JRfiMCJorLYX

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